Rizaev J. A., Yangieva N. R., Lokes K. P


About the author:

Rizaev J. A., Yangieva N. R., Lokes K. P



Type of article:

Scentific article


The health status of citizens is an important indicator of the success of a country’s socio-economic policy. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a serious medical and social problem, as it occurs from 25 to 40% among other eye pathologies and is one of the most common causes of blindness and visual impairment in the world. The severity of the disease is due to damage of two eyes, involvement in the pathological process of the central parts of the retina and a progressive course. Treatment of patients with AMD remains a complex problem of modern ophthalmology. Most authors acknowledge that conservative and surgical treatment in a significant proportion of patients with age-related macular degeneration in the later stages is ineffective. The aim of study was to investigate the results of using of an electronic program for predicting the risk of occurrence and early detection of AMD. Object and methods of research. To predict the risk of occurrence and early diagnosis of functional disorders of the macular region, we have used the electronic mass accessibility program that we developed, which makes it possible to use in cell phones, where each person can determine the risk of AMD and receive recommendations for further actions, as well as identify signs of macular region pathology. The card consists of several parts: the first part, where passport data is entered; the second part – risk factors (with a list of the main studied conditions that affect the onset and course of AMD, including heredity); the third part with a group of questions to determine the presence or absence of manifestations of pathology of the macular region. The interviewee then conducts an Amsler test for himself and answers questions after it has been conducted. The program automatically calculates points according to the answers received. The analysis of responses with the determination of the number of points allows you to determine the risk group for AMD and identify AMD. The program has an appendix with brief literature data that helps to increase the awareness of the subject about AMD. Research results and discussion. The age of people who have applied this program ranged from 35 to 75 years. There were 55 women and 45 men. 42 patients with an early stage of AMD, 10 patients with an intermediate stage of AMD, and 2 patients with a late stage of AMD were identified with the help of this program. According to a certain risk group for the occurrence of AMD, the respondent was offered recommendations on further tactics and lifestyle, as well as familiarization with the proposed information on AMD. Conclusions. The electronic program that we developed can be used in large quantities, it does not require time spent on visiting medical institutions and economic costs, it is effective as a method for predicting the occurrence, early detection of AMD and providing primary information, recommendations for further tactics. The proposed registration card for examination on AMD, in our opinion, allows to clearly and completely (as part of the task) records the necessary information about both the patient and his condition.


age-related macular degeneration of the retina, diagnostic.


  1. Vozrastnaya makulyarnaya degeneratsiya. Amerikanskaya Akademiya Oftal’mologii, Ekspertnyy Sovet po vozrastnoy makulyarnoy degeneratsii, Mezhregional’naya Assotsiatsiya vrachey oftal’mologov. SPb.: Izd-vo N-L; 2009. 84 s. [in Russian].
  2. Smith AF. The growing importance of pharmacoeconomics: the case of age-related macular degeneration. Br. J. Ophthalmol. 2010;94:1116-7.
  3. Van Newkirk MR, Nanjan MB, Wang JJ, Mitchell P, Taylor HR, McCarty CA. The prevalence of age-related maculopathy: the visual impairment project. Ophthalmology. 2000;107(8):1593-600.
  4. World Health Organization. Age Related Macular Degeneration: Priority eye diseases [Internet]. World Health Organization; 2011. Available from: ttp://www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index8.html/
  5. Taylor HR, Keeffe JE. World blindness: a 21st century perspective. Br. J. Ophthalmol. 2001;85:261-6.
  6. Van Leeuwen R, Klaver CCW, Vingerling JR, Hofman A, de Jong PTVM. The risk and natural course of age-related maculopathy. Follow-up at 6 1/2 years in the Rotterdam Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003;121:519-26.
  7. Fink W, Sadun A. 3D-Computer-automated Threshold Amsler Grid ntst. J. Biomedical Optics. 2004;9(1):149-53.
  8. Libman YS, Shakhova YV. Sostoyaniye i dinamika slepoty i invalidnosti vsledstviye patologii organa zreniya v Rossii; Materialy VII syezda oftal’mologov Rossii. M.; 2000. s. 209-14. [in Russian].
  9. Libman YS, Shakhova YV. Slepota, slabovideniye i invalidnost’ po zreniyu v Rossiyskoy Federatsii; Materialy Rossiyskogo mezhregional’nogo simpoziuma. Likvidatsiya ustranimoy slepoty: Vsemirnaya initsiativa VOZ. M.; 2003. s. 38-42. [in Russian].
  10. Neroyev VV. Rossiyskoye nablyudatel’noye epidemiologicheskoye neinterventsionnoye issledovaniye patsiyentov s vlazhnoy formoy vozrastnoy makulyarnoy degeneratsii. Rossiyskiy oftal’mologicheskiy zhurnal. 2011;2:4-9. [in Russian].
  11.  Tuychibayeva DM, Yangiyeva NR, Urmanova FM. Analiz rezul’tatov operatsii revaskulyarizatsii khorioidei pri vozrastnoy makulyarnoy degeneratsii. Sovremennyye tekhnologii v oftal’mologii. 2019;5:354-7. [in Russian]. 12
  12. Tuychibayeva DM, Yangiyeva NR. Usovershenstvovaniye konservativnogo lecheniya vozrastnoy makulodistrofii. Prakticheskaya meditsina. 2018;16(4):81-3. [in Russian].
  13. Yangiyeva NR, Tuychibayeva DM. Klinicheskaya otsenka effektivnosti kompleksnogo lecheniya vozrastnoy makulodistrofii. Sovremennyye tekhnologii v oftal’mologii. 2017;3:276-80. [in Russian].
  14. Rizayev JA. Ecological pollutants in industrial areas of Uzbekistan: their influence on the development of dental diseases. EurAsian Journal of BioMedicine. 2011;4(5):12.
  15. Ferris FL, Davis MD, Clemons TE, Lee LY, Chew EY, Lindblad AS, et al. A simplified severity scale for age-related macular degeneration: AREDS report number 18; Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) Research Group. Arch. Оphthalm. 2005;123(11):1570-4.

Publication of the article:

«Bulletin of problems biology and medicine» Issue 1 (155), 2020 year, 260-264 pages, index UDK 617.735-002-053.9-08