Kosharny V. V., Kagramanyan A. K., Abdul-Ogly L. V., Kosharny V. F., Kozlovska G. O., Kushnaryova K. A.


About the author:

Kosharny V. V., Kagramanyan A. K., Abdul-Ogly L. V., Kosharny V. F., Kozlovska G. O., Kushnaryova K. A.



Type of article:

Scentific article


There is as yet no clear morphological understanding of the structural changes in the family vesicles that occur in them during circulatory disorders of the reproductive system, whereas the clinical manifestations of these organs are clearly confirmed in practice. That is why the study of changes in the familial vesicular vesicles in the uterine circulatory system is important and relevant.When evaluating the effect on the morpho-functional parameters of the male reproductive system, macroscopic examination of seminal vesicles was performed, which included an external examination to detect pathological abnormalities, measure the size and mass of both seminal vesicles, the ratio of seminal vesicles to body weight, as well as determined the mass and mass ratios of seminal vesicles. We studied changes in function and structure in the seminal vesicles of white rats weighing 200-220 g at the age of 7-8 months, which were used to simulate circulatory disorders. The organoleptic parameters of rat family vesicles change when modeling circulatory disorders. When modeling violations of the cycle, the plan of the structure of seminal vesicles did not change; however, deviations of the morphometric parameters of the organ were established. Thus, morphometric parameters were significantly changed in the early and late stages after modeling of circulatory disorders. When modeling circulatory disorders, we found that on the ligation side: the lining of the tubules is represented by several rows of rounded epithelial cells with a centrally located round nucleus and a light cytoplasm. Some epithelial cells are desquamated into the lumen of the tubules, their cytoplasm is vacuolated, the contours of the nuclei are fuzzy. The stroma is moderately edematous, in the vessels – the phenomenon of erythrostasis. Small accumulations of lymphocytes and single segmented leukocytes are perivascular in places. A morphometric study found that the mucous membranes of the main ducts of the familial vesicles were covered with cylindrical epitheliocytes. The average cell height was 10.727 ± 0.42 μm, width 4.65 ± 0.58 μm. The nuclei of the epitheliocytes are located in the basal part of the cells, rounded. They are characterized by a uniform distribution of chromatin. The nuclei of epithelial cells are large, as evidenced by their size indicators: the larger diameter is 5.42 ± 0.19 μm, smaller – 3.20 ± 0.07 μm. When modeling circulatory disorders, we found that on the 7th day bandage, the average cell height was 15.23 ± 0.58 μm, width 6.54 ± 0.58 μm. Epitheliocyte nuclei: larger diameter is 6.37 ± 0.27 μm, smaller – 4.65 ± 0.07 μm. At day 20, the average cell height was 14.52 ± 0.43 μm, width 5.95 ± 0.58 μm. Epithelial cell nuclei have their dimensions: larger diameter is 6.15 ± 0.25 μm, smaller – 4.21 ± 0.06 μm Conclusions. Changes in blood circulation of the reproductive system occur at all levels of the organization. The mass of seminal vesicles increases 1.5 times on the seventh day, and 1.9 times up to 20 days. During the morphometric study of seminal vesicles on the seventh day, the sizes of all cell parameters increase due to changes that we associate with stagnant manifestations of circulatory disorders. On the 20th day, cell size indices decrease, and dystrophic changes in seminal vesicle cells are observed.


seminal vesicles, circulation disorders.


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Publication of the article:

«Bulletin of problems biology and medicine» Issue 1 (155), 2020 year, 304-307 pages, index UDK 616.686:616-005:576.31:611.636-092.9